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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Thursday, July 09, 2020 06:24:27

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NOAA Scales mini

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Space Weather Conditions
24-Hour Observed Maximums
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Latest Observed
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R1-R2 --
R3-R5 --
S1 or greater --
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R1-R2 --
R3-R5 --
S1 or greater --
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R1-R2 --
R3-R5 --
S1 or greater --
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Current Space Weather Conditions
R1 (Minor) Radio Blackout Impacts
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HF Radio: Weak or minor degradation of HF radio communication on sunlit side, occasional loss of radio contact.
Navigation: Low-frequency navigation signals degraded for brief intervals.
More about the NOAA Space Weather Scales

GOES Electron Flux

The electron flux measured by the GOES satellites indicates the intensity of the outer electron radiation belt at geostationary orbit. Measurements are made in two integral flux channels, one channel measuring all electrons with energies greater than 0.8 million electron Volts (MeV) and one channel measuring all electrons with energies greater than 2 MeV.

Electron Event ALERTS are issued when the >2 MeV electron flux exceeds 1000 particles/(cm2 s sr). High fluxes of energetic electrons are associated with a type of spacecraft charging referred to as deep-dielectric charging. Deep-dielectric charging occurs when energetic electrons penetrate into spacecraft components and result in a buildup of charge within the material. When the accumulated charge becomes sufficiently high, a discharge or arching can occur. This discharge can cause anomalous behavior in spacecraft systems and can result is temporary or permanent loss of functionality.

SWPC provides 5-minuted averaged integral electron flux (electrons/(cm2 s sr)) with energies greater than 0.8 MeV and greater than 2 MeV. The radiation belt electron fluxes vary dramatically over time scales ranging from minutes to years. Abrupt increases and decreases in flux can occur due to reconfigurations in the magnetospheric magnetic field, as well as due to various particle acceleration and loss mechanisms.

When measured at geostationary orbit, the electron fluxes also exhibit a substantial spatial variability, independent of the temporal changes due to magnetic field reconfiguration and particle acceleration/loss. The electron fluxes at geostationary orbit typically have their highest values near local noon and their lowest values near local midnight. This spatial feature is due to the structure of the magnetospheric magnetic field, strong at noon and weak at midnight, caused by the pressure of the solar wind on the day side of the magnetosphere.

Note: The >2 MeV electron channel can be contaminated by energetic protons. The >2 MeV electron data are not valid during significant proton events.  

GOES electron measurements have been made since the first GOES satellite was launched in 1975, and prior to that they were made on the NASA Synchronous Meteorological Satellites (SMS 1 and 2). SMS were the forerunners to the GOES operational system.

The dynamic plot above can be downloaded in multiple image formats using the menu at the upper right. The menu also offers the ability to download the displayed numerical data in JSON format.

Numerical data are also available directly from SWPC's data service at: 

https://services.swpc.noaa.gov/json/goes/

In that directory the file instrument-sources.json provides the mapping of primary and secondary measurements from each instrument to the satellite from which that measurement is made. The file satellite-longitudes.json provides the longitudes of the satellites. Observation data are found under the primary and secondary subdirectories.

NOTE: After January 31, 2020 other JSON/GOES data files and subdirectories will be removed. This is due to discontinuation of GOES-14 and GOES-15 observations on that date.

Historical 3-day plots and text files from 1996 through January 2020 are available at: 

ftp://ftp.swpc.noaa.gov/pub/warehouse/

or by following the archive link under “Data Access." Daily forecast reports are also available beginning in 1966.

The official archive for GOES data, can be found at:

http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/goes/index.html